SCOPI and ITFC collaboration on the implementation of three months intensive training to enhance the capacity of coffee farmers on Good Agricultural Practices and Post-Harvest in Karo, North Sumatera
Berastagi, July 16, 2019 – SCOPI as Indonesian primary coffee platform has been developing as well as accomodating the learning of best practices and encourage joint action to enhance opportunity for farmers to ensure food security and environmental sustainability. SCOPI has been working accross 15 provinces and to date has 46 members, 35 partners from various stakeholders from private sector, non-profits, university, farmer organisation, association and government institution both at local and national level.
Sumatera is the largest Arabica producers in Indonesia with more room to growth in the future with large un-tapped potential. This year, SCOPI together with ITFC (International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation) provides 3 (three) months intensive training for coffee farmers in Karo, North Sumatera. The training is specifically aimed to enhance the capacity of 140 farmers on Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) and Post-Harvest knowledge to increase productivity and quality of coffee beans. The training started in March 2019 and ended in June 2019. Although it faces many challenges such as the eruption of Gunung Sinabung, it didn’t hinder the completion of the training.
SCOPI assigned 4 (four) Master Trainers from Karo District to provide guidance and show first hand best practices on coffee farming based on National Sustainable Curriculum (NSC) on Arabica. The Master Trainers assessed the most needed subject to be train to the farmers. It covers the five (5) core topics in Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) on shade-tree planting, pruning, organic fertilizing, rorak and Management Pests and Diseases. On the subject of Post-Harvest knowledge, these topics are briefly delivered to the farmers namely land selection, land preparation, nursery, planting, and adaptation of climate change.
The 4 (four) villages selected to receive the training are Naman Village, Rumamis Village, Payung Village and Sada Perarih (Kurbakti) Village. In the past, the farmers have never possesed nor received any knowledge on Good Agriculture Practices (GAP). They have been managing their coffee plantations by using hereditary knowledge. Hence, GAP was not applied and it can be seen on the field such as lacking of shade trees and the common practice of using chemical fertiliser. The farmers are mostly unfimiliar with GAP practices such as pruning, making rorak, integrated pest management, and seedling selection. Hence the farmers were eager to learn and the training gained tremendous response from farmers as well as local government.
Other important knowledge and best practise is the Post-Harvest management. Drying is considered as one of the most important steps that should be done carefully. A good quality of coffee bean subjected to any drying processing method must be dried to a final water content of <12% to prevent microbial spoilage and chemical deterioration during storage and distribution. When it is done incorrectly such as in an uncontrolled environement, it will decrease the quality of coffee bean. SCOPI and ITFC initiates building construction to build solar dryer facility in Naman VIllage. This will provide the farmers a safe controlled environment without heavilty dependant on weather and other environmental factors.
These new found knowledge and technology is expected to give positive impact in changing the behaviour of coffee farmers in managing their plantation. The long-term effect is the improvement of quality and productivity of Arabica in the region. In addition, the sucessful collaboration between SCOPI and ITFC are signaling a long standing cooperation and the specific program can be implemented in another region of Indonesia.